Mary Magdalen, Saint
- A follower of Christ who became one of the great examples of the repentant sinner. Mary Magdalen's legend seems to be a conflation of various episodes from the lives of more than one woman. Prior to her acceptance of Christ, she was a prostitute. She gave up her sinful life when she and her sister Martha received the Lord in their home. While Martha was busy preparing dinner, Mary Magdalen listened to his words, which caused her renunciation of sin—the scene depicted by Diego Velazquez in his Christ in the House of Mary and Martha (c. 1620) at the London National Gallery. In the house of Simon the Pharisee, Mary Magdalen washed Christ's feet with her tears, dried them with her hair, and anointed them with costly oils—a prefiguration to the anointment of Christ's body after the Crucifixion. This is the scene depicted by Dirk Bouts in Christ in the House of Simon the Pharisee of the 1440s (Berlin, Staatliche Museen). Mary Magdalen usually weeps at the foot of the cross during the Crucifixion, as in Matthias Grünewald's Isenheim Altarpiece (fin. 1515; Colmar, Musée d' Unterlinden). She was the first to visit Christ's sepulcher, only to find it empty. Christ appeared to her and, at first, she took him for a gardener. When she realized who he was, she tried to touch him, but he cautioned her against it as he had not yet ascended to heaven. In art, the scene is called Noli me tangere (Do not touch me) and shows Christ carrying a hoe. Examples are Titian's version of c. 1510 in the London National Gallery and Correggio's of c. 1525 in the Madrid Prado. After Christ's death, Mary Magdalen went to Provence in France where she spent the rest of her life in the wilderness engaging in penance. In art, this period in her life was also a common subject. Donatello's Mary Magdalen in her last years is by far the most expressive as he rendered the saint in polychromed wood as an emaciated, toothless figure covered by her long red tresses (1430s-1450s; Florence, Museo dell' Opera del Duomo).
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mary Magdalen, Saint — • Article on the Apostle to the Apostles Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Mary Magdalene, Saint — flourished 1st century, Palestine; feast day July 22 Follower of Jesus and the first person to see the resurrected Christ. According to Luke 8:2 and Mark 16:9, Jesus cleansed her of seven demons. She accompanied him in Galilee, and she witnessed… … Universalium
Mary Magdalen in Ecstasy — (1606) is a painting by the Italian artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571 1610). Caravaggio s Mary Magdalen in Ecstasy (or variations on that name) exists in at least eighteen copies, of which this version, in a private collection in… … Wikipedia
Saint Mary Magdalen De' Pazzi — St. Mary Magdalen de Pazzi † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Mary Magdalen de Pazzi Carmelite Virgin, born 2 April, 1566; died 25 May, 1607. Of outward events there were very few in the saint s life. She came of two noble families, her… … Catholic encyclopedia
Mary Magdalen Bentivoglio — was born in Italy in the 19th century and died in 1905 at the age of 71. She was a member of the Poor Clare Sisters of the Primitive Observance of San Damiano. She worked as a missionary in the United States, founding a convent in Omaha,… … Wikipedia
Mary Magdalen de' Pazzi, Saint — • Biography of the 17th century Carmelite mystic Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Mary Magdalen — noun sinful woman Jesus healed of evil spirits; she became a follower of Jesus • Syn: ↑Mary Magdalene, ↑St. Mary Magdalene, ↑St. Mary Magdalen • Instance Hypernyms: ↑sinner, ↑evildoer, ↑saint … Useful english dictionary
The College of Saint Mary Magdalen — Motto Gaudium et spes Established 1973 Type Private Religious affiliation Roman Catholic President George Harne … Wikipedia
St. Mary Magdalen — St. Mary Magdalen † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Mary Magdalen Mary Magdalen was so called either from Magdala near Tiberias, on the west shore of Galilee, or possibly from a Talmudic expression meaning curling women s hair, which the… … Catholic encyclopedia
St. Mary Magdalen — noun sinful woman Jesus healed of evil spirits; she became a follower of Jesus • Syn: ↑Mary Magdalene, ↑St. Mary Magdalene, ↑Mary Magdalen • Instance Hypernyms: ↑sinner, ↑evildoer, ↑saint … Useful english dictionary